Cystoscopy is a procedure that is used to help diagnose and sometimes treat conditions that affect the lower urinary tract. It may also be used to remove a sample of tissue to be examined under a microscope (biopsy). Cystoscopy is performed with a thin, tube-shaped instrument with a light and camera at the end (cystoscope). The cystoscope may be hard (rigid) or flexible, depending on the goal of the procedure and is inserted through the urethra, into the bladder.
Tell a health care provider about:
- Any allergies you have.
- All medicines you are taking, including vitamins, herbs, eye drops, creams, and over-the-counter medicines.
- Any problems you or family members have had with anesthetic medicines.
- Any blood disorders you have.
- Any surgeries you have had.
- Any medical conditions you have.
- Whether you are pregnant or may be pregnant.
- Urinary tract infections that keep coming back (recurring).
- Blood in the urine (hematuria).
- Loss of bladder control (urinary incontinence) or an overactive bladder.
- Unusual cells found in a urine sample.
- A blockage in the urethra.
- Painful urination.
- An abnormality in the bladder found during an intravenous pyelogram (IVP) or CT scan.
- Allergic reactions to medicines.
- Damage to other structures or organs.
- Ask your health care provider about:
- Changing or stopping your regular medicines. This is especially important if you are taking diabetes medicines or blood thinners.
- Taking medicines such as aspirin and ibuprofen. These medicines can thin your blood. Do not take these medicines before your procedure unless directed by your health care provider.
- Follow instructions from your health care provider about eating or drinking restrictions.
- You may be given antibiotic medicine to help prevent infection.
- You may have an exam or testing, such as X-rays of the bladder, urethra, or kidneys.
- You may have urine tests to check for signs of infection.
- Plan to have someone take you home after the procedure.
What Happens During The Procedure?
- You will be given one or more of the following:
- A medicine to help you relax (sedative).
- A medicine to numb the area (local anesthetic).
- The cystoscope will be passed through your urethra into your bladder.
- Germ-free (sterile) fluid will flow through the cystoscope to fill your bladder. The fluid will stretch your bladder so that your surgeon can clearly examine your bladder walls.
- The cystoscope will be removed and your bladder will be emptied.
Post Procedure Care
- You may have some soreness or pain in your abdomen and urethra. Medicines will be available to help you.
- You may have some blood in your urine.
- Do not drive for 24 hours if you received a sedative.
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider.