Hematuria is blood in your urine. It can be caused by a bladder infection, kidney infection, prostate infection, kidney stone, or cancer of your urinary tract. Infections can usually be treated with medicine, and a kidney stone usually will pass through your urine. If neither of these is the cause of your hematuria, further workup to find out the reason may be needed.
It is very important that you tell your health care provider about any blood you see in your urine, even if the blood stops without treatment or happens without causing pain. Blood in your urine that happens and then stops and then happens again can be a symptom of a very serious condition. Also, pain is not a symptom in the initial stages of many urinary cancers.
Follow these instructions at home:
- Drink lots of fluid, 3–4 quarts a day. If you have been diagnosed with an infection, cranberry juice is especially recommended, in addition to large amounts of water.
- Avoid caffeine, tea, and carbonated beverages because they tend to irritate the bladder.
- Avoid alcohol because it may irritate the prostate.
- Take all medicines as directed by your health care provider.
- If you were prescribed an antibiotic medicine, finish it all even if you start to feel better.
- If you have been diagnosed with a kidney stone, follow your health care provider’s instructions regarding straining your urine to catch the stone.
- Empty your bladder often. Avoid holding urine for long periods of time.
- After a bowel movement, women should cleanse front to back. Use each tissue only once.
- Empty your bladder before and after sexual intercourse if you are a female.
Contact a health care provider if:
- You develop back pain.
- You have a fever.
- You have a feeling of sickness in your stomach (nausea) or vomiting.
- Your symptoms are not better in 3 days. Return sooner if you are getting worse.
Seek immediate treatment if:
- You develop severe vomiting and are unable to keep the medicine down.
- You develop severe back or abdominal pain despite taking your medicines.
- You begin passing a large amount of blood or clots in your urine.
- You feel extremely weak or faint, or you pass out.
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider.